The production of precast concrete elements in a stationary production plant is historically the most common form and continues to have importance in the precast concrete industry. On the one hand, stationary production allows an economical entry into precast concrete production compared to investment in a circulation system. On the other hand, stationary production facilities are often used as an addition to a circulation plant. As a special case, prefabrication of concrete elements directly on or close to the construction site on modular casting tables is also possible.
Stationary production is characterized by the fact that all production steps of the main processes take place at one position. This requires significant material transport within the plant. Stationary production is usually not very highly automated, but very flexible. In this form of production, formwork elements are usually operated by hand or with hand-held devices such as lifting beams.
One type of stationary production is using tilting tables. Another variant is production in casting beds, which is particularly well suited for prestressed precast concrete elements. However, girder slabs and double walls can also be produced in casting beds, although production in a circulation plant is the more common variant today.
Strictly speaking, room module and battery production must also be regarded as stationary. Due to their special features and possibilities, there are separate overviews on modular construction and battery production.
A variety of elements can be produced in a stationary production:
- Solid walls / slabs
- Prefabricated elements for garden and landscape construction
- Prestressed walls / slabs